Glossary of Ingredients S-Z


Helps to exfoliate skin cells and improve the overall health and look of the skin.


Plant derived, it helps make special proteins, called antioxidant enzymes, which play a role in preventing cell damage.

serenoa serrulata fruit extract

Helps to improve skin by providing anti-inflammatory properties.

sesame seed extract

The edible seeds of an East Indian herb that yield a pale yellow oil which is an effective skin softener. Aids in the treatment of psoriasis and eczema and is excellent for all skin types..

shea butter

The natural fat obtained from the fruit of the karite tree. Shea butter is valuable, nourishing addition to moisturizers for the reduction of wrinkles, improving the elasticity of the skin and protecting skin against environmental aging. Shea butter is known to increase local capillary circulation, which in turn increases tissue re-oxygenation..


The most common constituent of sand, generally fine particles of quartz, used to thicken and stabilize formulations..

silicon dioxide

A silica derivative used in cosmetics and personal care products as an anticaking agent, bulking agent, slip modifier, viscosity increasing agent, emollient, and most often as a suspending agent,

sodium bicarbonate

An alkaline salt used as an antacid and cleanser.

sodium chloride

Used as an oral care agent, flavoring agent, viscosity increasing agent, and is also seen as a thickener.

sodium lauroyl lactylate

Used in cosmetics and personal care products because of its ability, as a lactylate, to penetrate skin easily, providing “residual moisturization, extended fragrance release, and enhanced delivery of actives

sodium lauroyl sarcosinate

A modified fatty acid, used in shampoos, bath, cleansing and shaving products as a foaming agent, surfactant, and hair conditioning agent,

sodium stearyl fumarate

Used an an emulsifier this a sodium salt that can be a white-slightly yellowish powder.

sodium trideceth sulphate

A mild anionic surfactant imparting rapid wetting action and excellent foam quality and stability. For use in mild shampoos and shower gels

sorbitan olivate

The ester of cetearyl alcohol and the fatty acids derived from olive oil to help soften the skin & hair, and gives products a smooth and luxurious feel.


A sugar alcohol derived from fruits, corn and seaweed used primarily as a humectant

soy protein

Derived from defatted soy flakes, soy protein offers a rich penetrating blend of protein, B vitamins and essential minerals that nourish and moisturize the skin and hair.

soy wax

Used in skin care products, the blend creates a smooth feel. It also features a conditioning agent, which enhances moisture and emollience on the skin

spearmint oil

An aromatic essential oil obtained from spearmint

stearic acid

Derived from palm trees and is used as an emulsifier and thickener.

stearyl alcohol

A naturally fatty alcohol derived from stearic acid, coconut oil or vegetable fatty acids, and is used to soothe and soften as a conditioning agent and as an emulsifier.

stevia powder

Aa natural sweetener

vegetable glycerine

A natural source ingredient with emollient like properties which can soften and soothe the skin and it assists the outer epidermis is retaining moisture

vegetable oil

A natural source ingredient with emollient like properties which can soften and soothe the skin and it assists the outer epidermis is retaining moisture

vitamin A (beta carotene)

The normalizing vitamin. Essential for increasing skin elasticity and thickening of the epidermis and the dermis. Vitamin A plays an important role in RNA synthesis, which produces new and healthy cells in the skin and the body. Medical studies indicate that vitamin A is effective in slowing down skin aging and in reducing in the number and depth of wrinkles. A regression of pigmented spots has been demonstrated in medical studies with regular use of Vitamin A.

vitamin B2 (riboflavin)

Aa micronutrient that is important in assisting the body in metabolizing fats, carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, and is also integral in the processes involved with cell respiration and growth

vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Derived from citrus fruits. It is a patented mineral salt of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), with C metabolites allowing the cellular uptake of Vitamin C within the dermal layers

vitamin E (D-alpha tocopherol)

Essential for maintaining the activities of enzymes in the cells and for the formation of red blood cells. Vitamin E has been shown to inhibit skin cancer and aid in the healing of skin ailments. It is a dynamic weapon against premature aging and combating wrinkles by neutralizing free radicals to stop the chain reaction of molecular damage and to protect the skin against oxidation.

wheat extract

Extracted from young plants of Lophophyrom Elongatum, this juice or powder possesses high levels of chlorophyll, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and enzymes.

wheat germ oil

Thick, dark, fragrant oil expressed from wheat germ, the seed of wheat grain. This oil is very high in vitamins, particularly vitamin E, carotene, and lecithin. Its high Vitamin E content acts as an antioxidant and preservative. Wheat germ oil is added to some cosmetics to keep the product from turning rancid

xanthan gum

Used as a binder, emulsion stabilizer, emulsifying surfactant, as well as an aqueous viscosity increasing agent in cosmetics and personal care products because of its capability to hold water, enhance freeze-thaw stability, and improve shelf life and help with the stabilization of a product


A sugar alcohol used as a substitute for sugar in the flavoring of many toothpastes and gums. Xylitol is found naturally in various berries, corn husks, oats, and mushrooms, and is thought to be almost as sweet as sucrose, but with 2/3 the calories


One of the two carotenoids contained within the retina of the eye.


Closely involved in protein synthesis and in collagen formation in the body, both of which are essential in the maintenance of healthy skin and in normalizing production of skin oils. Zinc can help heal blemishes, reduce the inflammation, and reduce the androgenic effect of hormones on the skin.

zinc citrate trihydrate

Used in oral care to reduce one or more of plaque, tartar, caries, dentinal sensitivity, malodor, and/or inflammation and comprises of zinc salt.

zinc glyconate

The zinc salt of gluconic acid, and is thought to be an antiviral agent or cosmetic biocide, used in cosmetics and personal care products most frequently as an acne treatment